Ceasefire Agreement Between India And Pakistan 2003 Pdf
According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior (MHA). In the first five months of this year, more than 1,250 ceasefire violations were recorded, compared to 971 in 2017, 449 in 2016 and 405 in 2015. As far as neutral observers are concerned, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif`s offer requires careful consideration of the Indian side, given that UNMOGIP has been there since 1949 under the UN mandate. Therefore, by accepting a larger role for UNMOGIP, India would not compromise on its position not to mediate between India and Pakistan, as UNMOGIP would not be a party to negotiations between the two parties. 39 Julia Thompson challenges this spoiler theory because there has been no systematic link between peace talks and CFVs since 2013. However, even if the correlation is not clear, this variable must also be taken into account. See Julia Thompson, “The Dynamics of Violence along the Kashmir Divide, 2003-2015,” Henry L. Stimson Center, 2015, www.stimson.org/sites/default/files/dynamics-violence-kashmir-divide.pdf. Ceasefire violations along the LOC had become a routine activity during the Kashmir uprising in the 1990s. After the 2003 ceasefire agreement, they were almost stalled during the 2004-2007 peace process. However, ceasefire violations resumed in 2008, when the peace process derailed.
Official statistics from India and Pakistan indicate that 2017 was the worst year since the 2003 ceasefire, when violations surpassed the 2000 mark for the first time. These figures clearly indicate that the 2003 unwritten ceasefire is now over, and India and Pakistan are once again in the pre-2003 situation, when such violations were routine along the LOC. According to Professor Happymon Jacob, it was a miracle that the 2003 ceasefire survived for so long, even though he had not written anything officially between the two countries. Yet India and Pakistan have no choice but to negotiate their differences sooner or later. In this regard, there were hopes of a speedy start to peace talks when National Security Advisers from India and Pakistan met in Bangkok on 26 December 2017 for “secret” talks. But those hopes quickly disappeared, as ceasefire violations along the LOC continued at the same rate in the new year. The leaders of both countries must understand that the first item on the agenda of their next meeting must be the formalization of the 2003 ceasefire, as it will continue to jeopardize the future of the peace process if it remains unresolved. 3 “230 per cent increase in ceasefire violations: government,”, Hindu, 20 December 2017, www.thehindu.com/news/national/pak-violated-ceasefire-881-times-in-2017-govt/article21938321.ece?homepage=true. After the partition of India, India and Pakistan fought for the spring state of Jammu and Kashmir – India by the accession of the ruler to the country and Pakistan because of the majority Muslim population of the state. The first Kashmir war lasted more than a year when a ceasefire was agreed to by UN mediation. The two sides agreed on a ceasefire line. With regard to demilitarized zones: as part of the Karachi Agreement, both sides agreed that no force should be deployed within 500 metres of the ceasefire line, but this rule was subsequently repeatedly violated by both sides.
A new ceasefire agreement is expected to bring it down and extend the demilitarized zone to 100 yards, so that ceasefire violations are less damaging. Therefore, if the 2003 ceasefire is formalized with clear rules and regulations, demilitarized zones, neutral observers and joint commissions, it should reduce the likelihood of future ceasefire violations.